Brain – Key Things To Know

Health Insurance Plans Starts at Rs.44/day*

The brain is most complex organ in the human body.  It is made up of three main parts: the cerebrum, cerebellum and brainstem.

The brain is responsible for controlling our thoughts, emotions, movements and senses. It also plays a role in our memory, learning and decision-making.

The cerebrum, which makes up the majority of the brain, is divided into the right and left hemispheres. Higher brain functions like thought and action are controlled by it.

The cerebellum, which is located below the cerebral hemisphere, regulates balance and coordination. Vital bodily processes including breathing, heartbeat, and blood pressure

The brain is made up of billions of neurons that communicate in trillions of connections called synapses are controlled by the brainstem, which connects the brain to the spinal cord.

The brain is divided into functional sections called lobes, including the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe and occipital lobe, each with an important and specific function.

Key things to know about brain

The brain is made up of billions of neurons, which are the basic components of the nervous system. Electrical and chemical signals are the two main forms of communication between neurons.

The forebrain, midbrain, and hindbrain are the three primary regions of the brain.

The largest region of the brain, the forebrain, is in charge of higher-order mental processes including reasoning, memory, and learning.

The midbrain is responsible for controlling our vision, hearing and balance.

Our vital processes, such breathing, heart rate, and digestion, are managed by the hindbrain.

The brain is constantly changing and adapting. As we learn new things, the connections between neurons in our brain strengthen. This process is called neuroplasticity.

We have a lot of options for maintaining brain health. These include of maintaining a balanced diet, getting appropriate rest, engaging in regular exercise, and engaging our minds in novel tasks.

Interesting facts about the brain

Our brain weighs roughly 3 pounds and accounts for 2% of our body weight.

The brain is constantly producing new cells, even in adulthood.

The brain is able to repair itself to some extent, but this ability decreases with age.

The brain is extremely vulnerable to injury and disease-related damage. The human body’s most complex organ is the brain. It is in charge of directing our thoughts, feelings, motions and senses.

Specific things to protect your brain health:

Here are some specific things you can do to protect your brain health:

Consume a balanced diet that is high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. These foods are excellent providers of antioxidants, which can aid in preventing damage to your brain cells.

Enhancing blood flow to the brain

Sleep is essential for memory consolidation and learning. Most adults need 7-8 hours of sleep per night.

It’s crucial to discover healthy strategies to manage stress, such as exercise, yoga, or meditation because stress can harm the brain.

Try new things to stretch your mind, like picking up a new language or taking up a musical instrument.

Social interaction is good for the brain. It helps to reduce stress and improve cognitive function.

By taking care of our brains, we can keep them healthy and sharp for a lifetime.

Essential tips to keep your brain active

Here are some additional tips for keeping your brain healthy:

  • Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Get regular check-ups from your doctor.
  • If you have a family history of brain diseases, talk to your doctor about your risk.
  • By taking care of our brains, we can help to prevent brain diseases and keep our minds sharp for a lifetime.


The brain is constantly changing and adapting. This means that it is never too late to start taking care of our brains. No matter our age, we can all make choices that will help to keep our brains healthy.

Taking care of our brains is an investment in our future. By taking steps to protect our brains now, we can enjoy a lifetime of good mental health.


1. What are the three main parts of the brain?

The three main parts of the brain are the forebrain, the midbrain and the hindbrain.
Forebrain – Responsible for higher-order functions such as thinking, learning and memory.
Midbrain – Responsible for controlling vision, hearing and balance.
Hindbrain – Responsible for controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and digestion.

2. What are some ways to keep my brain healthy?

 Eating a healthy diet
 Getting enough sleep
 Exercising regularly
 Challenging your brain with new activities
 Managing stress
 Staying social

3. What are some common brain diseases?

Some common brain diseases include:

Alzheimer’s disease
Parkinson’s disease
Multiple sclerosis
Traumatic brain injury

4. What are the signs and symptoms of a brain injury?

Nausea and vomiting
Weakness or paralysis

5. What are the latest advances in brain research?

There are many exciting advances happening in brain research. Some of the latest advances include:
The development of new imaging techniques that allow us to see the brain in action.
The discovery of new genes that are involved in brain development and function.
The development of new drugs and therapies for brain diseases.
The development of new brain-computer interfaces that allow us to control computers with our minds.


The Information including but not limited to text, graphics, images and other material contained on this blog are intended for education and awareness only. No material on this blog is intended to be a substitute for professional medical help including diagnosis or treatment. It is always advisable to consult medical professional before relying on the content. Neither the Author nor Star Health and Allied Insurance Co. Ltd accepts any responsibility for any potential risk to any visitor/reader.

Scroll to Top